Ed Davey highlights the importance of heat within energy debate stating that heat infrastructure must be considered alongside the development of electricity systems and that ‘smart’ system opportunity must not be missed
“From businesses to industry, householders to communities, we all have a role to play in changing the way we generate and use heat” Mr Davey said. “We need to find low carbon alternatives and our heat strategy published in March set out a pathway for moving ahead. We are working closely with industry and trade bodies like the CHPA and this event provides an excellent forum for sharing ideas and views on progress being made, such as support for heat networks in cities. I look forward to setting out our proposals next year.”
Heat accounts for nearly half of the UK’s energy use and associated CO2 emissions. To meet the UK’s target to cut 80% of greenhouse gas emissions based on 1990 levels by 2050, major cuts in heat-related emissions will be required alongside those in the power sector. All this in the context of rising costs, investment constraints and the need to deliver affordability to the consumer. With the publication of the Government’s Heat Strategy in March, Heat Conference 2012 is a timely milestone debate – placing heat on the agenda of policy makers and industry decision makers at the highest level.
The increased electrification of heat and greater use of heat networks proposed in DECC’s Heat Strategy presents a wholesale reimagining of the way heat is used in the UK and brings with it significant challenges, delegates heard. However, the effective coordination of projects and stakeholders could bring significant rewards in the form of a more efficient, flexible and reliable energy system.
Commenting on the central role of infrastructure in facilitating low carbon energy projects, CHPA Chairman, Julian Packer, said:
“Heat will continue to be the backbone of our energy supply – it’s just that the nature of the infrastructure required to deliver it will need to change. In the future we can expect to see heat, gas and power networks working in parallel to deliver the sustainable, efficient, reliable and high quality service that customers will expect in a low carbon economy.”
Several speakers noted the importance of urgently integrating heat into wider energy policy, citing the long development periods for infrastructure projects and the potential inertia of changing customer behaviour. Continuing to deliver low carbon heating in a piecemeal fashion risks locking the UK into a ‘dumb’ energy system and will limit the opportunities for balancing intermittent renewables or reducing overall demand, delegates heard.
“Of course, energy efficiency comes first but if we are to meet carbon budgets we have to have low carbon heat options” Lord Deben told the conference. “That particularly means heat pumps in buildings and biomass in industry. The transition away from gas must start now. Low-carbon options already make sense, for example, in off-gas grid properties.”
The overriding message from the conference was that heat – as the most widely used form of energy – must be considered alongside electricity when developing policy. Evolving the heat system in parallel with electricity transformation is the ‘smart’ solution that more effectively matches modern heat generation with the needs of consumers. The imminent Gas Generation Strategy and next spring’s heat policy announcement provide the ideal opportunity to ingrain this thinking.
“The heat sector is an important player in our society for domestic, public sector, commercial and industrial customers - in other words, for about everyone in the economy” said Energy Institute President, Joan MacNaughton CB HonFEI. “To meet the dual challenges of the economic downturn and climate change, there is an urgent need to develop an innovative and efficient supply infrastructure that will generate clean and affordable heat for all. By working closely together, industry and government can also build greater understanding of the opportunities provided by transforming the network and developing a smart and low carbon energy system in the UK.”