In 2009, the European Union's Renewable Energy Directive (EU RED) established goals to produce more energy from renewable sources, triggering exponential growth in the solid biomass trade. By 2018, the EU was trading over 18 million tons of wood pellets, with a third imported from the southeastern United States.
But what effect does this large, new industry have on southeastern US forests? Until now, European policymakers could only infer that the region's wood pellet industry was compliant with EU RED rules through case studies, land use projections, and literature reviews. This first-of-its-kind study gives a more definite confirmation of compliance.
From 2005 to 2017, an international team conducted a systemic assessment of 123 areas where wood pellet mills managed vast swaths of forest. Composed of researchers from the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, University of Missouri, and Resources for the Future, the team found the following trends:
Overall, there was a net expansion in the amount of carbon stored in southeastern forests--which means that current production is compliant with EU trade requirements calling for the preservation of carbon stocks in biomass sourcing areas.
The amount of carbon stored in the soil of southeastern forests decreased with each year of milling operations. There were no significant changes in the amount of carbon stored in live or standing-dead trees, but the carbon was concentrated in fewer but larger trees.
There was a downward trend in the number of standing-dead trees.
"All in all, our analysis suggests some positive areas but possible concerns if some trends were to continue. We examined 12 years of data, but that is only a small window of time to assess sustainable forestry," lead author Francisco Aguilar said. "Monitoring using the best-available data shall continue. And it must be observant of other co-localized factors that can significantly alter forest conditions. For instance, systematic assessments must also take into consideration population changes, expansion in wood fiber demand from other competing sectors, and extreme weather."
The researchers also note that the US Department of Energy suggests a 21% increase in domestic electricity generation using wood by 2030 may also signal a further increase in demand--and that future monitoring is warranted.
"This research provides the first comprehensive assessment of changes to US timberlands induced by demand in the EU for pelletized wood for energy production," co-author and RFF Darius Gaskins Senior Fellow Dallas Burtraw said. "The findings provide cautious support for the sustainability of US forests, with ongoing monitoring, as demand for wood pellets is likely to increase."
I have bookmarked your website because this site contains valuable information in it. I am really happy with articles quality and presentation. Thanks a lot for keeping great stuff. I am very much thankful for this site. back scratcher near me
Very informative post ! There is a lot of information here that can help any business get started with a successful social networking campaign ! Poolleiter
Gangaur Realtech is a professionally managed organisation specializing in real estate services where integrated services are provided by professionals to its clients seeking increased value by owning, occupying or investing in real estate. zipstrip herb stripper
Great post i must say and thanks for the information. Education is definitely a sticky subject. However, is still among the leading topics of our time. I appreciate your post and look forward to more. 瓜子TV
This is just the information I am finding everywhere. Thanks for your blog, I just subscribe your blog. This is a nice blog.. Affiliate Marketing
Thank you because you have been willing to share information with us. we will always appreciate all you have done here because I know you are very concerned with our. potato ricer amazon
Thanks so much for sharing this awesome info! I am looking forward to see more postsby you! flour sieve
You should also choose a casino that offers good bonuses, including no deposit requirement bonuses, which will allow you to play online casino games for free, without making a deposit first. In this article, we will help you find a good, reliable and trusted online casino that offers a welcome bonus on a deposit condition.https://joueraucasinosansdepot.fr/
One thing is certain, when you bet with real money you will inevitably lose a minimum of it . On top of that, these games may get you hooked as you play. This is why it is absolutely necessary to set a maximum not to be exceeded. https://www.casino-lux.org/
Great info! I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment. I don’t know what to say except that I have. Cheap Instagram Accounts