panorama

Mozambique

CPCS designs Sub-Saharan Africa’s largest solar and battery storage procurement programme

3
CPCS, a global management consulting firm in the infrastructure sector, has helped to bring a combination of technical, financial and public-private partnership knowledge in order to develop an innovative solution for Mozambique, which is aiming to secure universal access to electricity by 2030 through solar power and battery energy storage.
CPCS designs Sub-Saharan Africa’s largest solar and battery storage procurement programme
Solar farm in Rwanda. Courtesy of Sen. Chris Coons US Democrat Party

The  Global Energy Transfer Feed in Tariff (GET FiT) Programme alleviates grid constraints by addressing energy demands in Mozambique and providing energy to cities that need it the most. Developed by the German development bank kfW, GET FiT provides tools to help emerging economies develop small-scale renewable energy projects. Provisions such as technical and funding assistance and risk mitigation make projects part of this programme attractive to investors.

Mozambique’s generation potential of 187 gigawatts is greater than Africa’s entire electricity production. It is virtually Southern Africa’s power generator. Yet, despite being a net exporter of power, only 29 per cent of Mozambique’s population has access to electricity. This is because the country and the electricity utility lack the capital to invest in the transmission and distribution infrastructure needed to effectively deliver power to all of the population.

As a rapidly developing country, Mozambique has committed to achieve universal access to electricity by 2030. After successful implementation in Uganda, and with a second ongoing program in Zambia, Mozambique is next to benefit from GET FiT. The programme will deliver universal access to electricity through renewable energy, battery storage and other decentralised solutions.

“GET FiT is a toolbox of support options” said Robert Graham, CPCS’s Global Director, Power Advisory. “Our role was to craft a plan to best adapt these tools to Mozambique’s unique needs and context and achieve stated objectives.” 

Doing so requires deep knowledge of the country’s economic, financial and political realities. Equally important is the technical aspect of the programme. While GET FiT promotes renewable energy projects, it does not specify which technologies to use and how to adapt the tools to the local context. The challenge, then, was to determine the support tools as well as the renewable energy technology that best addresses energy needs in Mozambique.

CPCS experts concluded that combining solar power and large-scale batteries was the best way to energise Mozambican cities and villages. This was not a routine assessment, because pairing solar power with battery procurement of such a scale had never been done in Africa. But CPCS felt confident breaking the mould for many reasons. 

First, this combined solution is financially sound, as the price of solar has plummeted over the past decade. In Africa, solar can be as cheap as $0.03 per kilowatt-hour. Compared to other renewable energy sources like hydro and wind, solar tends to be the economic choice. The same goes for the price of battery storage. Like what happened to solar in the 2010s, batteries will likely become much more affordable in the 2020s.

Low costs mean that financial donors and investors are likely to be more interested in backing renewable projects in Mozambique.

Second, solar power is quicker to deploy than other sources of renewable energy.

“Having a solar power system running in three months is possible” added Rob Graham. “In contrast, large hydro projects can take decades. Even wind turbines can require up to 18 months of data collection before moving to the development stage.”

Third, paring solar and battery is flexible. Solar power systems can be installed anywhere with good sunlight, and batteries can be placed right next to demand centres. Other renewable energy sources are more limited in terms of placement. In short, the solar and battery combination addresses Mozambique’s main energy objective, which is to improve access to electricity as quickly as possible.

Coupling solar with battery storage not only addresses Mozambique’s energy needs but also meets infrastructure challenges in the power sector. Mozambique has always had difficulties moving electricity from power stations to people’s homes; its power stations tend to be far from cities and villages. As such, Mozambique had to build lengthy transmission lines to connect these stations with population clusters. Overloaded or inadequate long transmission lines mean more power outages. Because Mozambique lacks access to sufficient capital to invest in adequate transmission and distribution infrastructure, abundant power generation has not translated into reliable electricity access for Mozambicans. More traditional power generation projects on their own are not the solution to electricity access goals.

This is where the flexibility of solar power systems and batteries kicks in. They can be placed right next to cities with unreliable power. This way, these cities can bypass their reliance on long overloaded or unreliable transmission lines. Battery storage technology also ensures plenty of energy in the afterhours, alleviating solar power systems’ traditional inability to provide round the clock solutions. Solar power systems themselves do nothing to address peak electricity demand hours in Mozambique, which are between 6 p.m. to 10 p.m.

Overall, the innovative solar and battery solution resolves Mozambique’s power infrastructure challenges in three ways:

Reduce reliance on expensive transmission lines

Provide power to cities that need it the most

Minimize the frequency of outages

In the near future, every population centre in Mozambique, no matter how remote, will have access to electricity at any time of the day.

Before CPCS set foot in Mozambique, no framework detailed how to fit battery storage in the country’s regulatory, legal and financial context. Neither has it been part of the GET FiT toolbox. Predictably, investors and financial donors were leery to fund large battery programs. They also downplayed the economic competitiveness of this solution. Buy-in was scarce. Therefore, the brunt of CPCS’s work in Mozambique was to show stakeholders that the union of battery storage and solar is technically and financially feasible with the right program design.

Mozambique intends to commit to the procurement of renewable energy projects in three rounds:

The first is acquiring solar generation systems and battery storage for areas in the greatest need of energy. CPCS expects an additional energy production and transmission of 60 megawatts.

Traditional small hydro projects will be developed, providing a relief of 40 to 60 megawatts.

Building on the success of the first round, a third potential round was designed to use solar and battery procurements to target even smaller and more remote sites, strengthening and extending the electric grid in Mozambique.

For additional information: 

CPCS

Add a comment
atm services
I got my already programmed and blanked ATM card to withdraw the maximum of $5,000 weekly for a maximum of 180 days. I am so happy about this because i got mine last week and I have used it to get $10,000. Alexander Castro is giving out the card just to help the poor and needy  for investment purposes.you can get yours from him. Just send him an email On E-Mail: mata.meritiana@gmail.com atmservices44@aol.com whatsapp: +17042750147
Jamie West
FRESH AND UPDATED STUFFS WITH 98% VALIDITY RATE ( S/ S+ATM PINS /CVV & fULLZ /, CC TOP UPS, BANK LOGS, VERIZON, PAYPAL ACCOUNTS, EGIFT CARDS FOR WALMART AND AMAZON AND SPAMMING TOOLS FOR SALE) .................................................................. ALL COUNTRY CREDIT CARDS and fullz........... CCnum:: 4400663873545159 Cvv: 094 Expm: 06 Expy: 19 Fname: Gary Lname: Hoskins Address: 5830 Elwynn Drive City: MILFORD State: OH Zip: 45150 Country: USA Phone: 5138318649 Email: gch619@fuse.net DEBIT : 432190 – 99, 445808, 450644, 450670, 451948, 454003, 458501, 471401, 472476, 486342, 503886, 522122, 528030, 529558, 531704, 531729, 539847, 545409, 551029 FULLZ \'\'\'\'\'\'\'\'\'\'\'\'\' First Name : Kathryn Middle Name : M Last Name : Ratledge Spouse Name : Ruth Ratledge Father Name : Thomas Ratledge Billing Address : 9 Ridgewood Dr City : Greenville State : CA Zip Code : 29615 Country : US Phone Number : 15629234492 Credit Card Information : ********* Card Type : Credit Credit Card Number : 4737033009002349 Exp. Date : 02/18 Name On Card : Kathryn Ratledge Cvv2 : 736 ATM Pin: 5910 Bank Name : Bankk of America Routing Number : 122000661 Account Number: 0222301305 Mother Maiden Name : Coleman Social Security Number : 340224188 Birth Day : 19 Birth Month : 8/June Birth Year : 1980 Account Information : ******* AOL ID : Glendeweese Password : BeenThere754 Account Open In: LD Online ID: GROVANS11x ATM or Check Card PIN: 001455 Passcode: eg17 ...................................................................... S WITH PIN s + Pin ( USA ) Track1 : B4784559000586171^Andrew/Mayerbach^190310100000000000003343300003700000000 Track2 : 4784559000586171=19031010003343300003700 ATM Pin : 5241 ------ s + Pin ( Canada ) Track1 : B4530920124710013^Bibliotheque^2203220612800000054 7000000 Track2 : 4530920124710013=22032206128000547000 ATM Pin : 3377 If interested contact him as soon as possible via Email: atmgeniuslinks@gmail.com WhatsApp: +1-781-656-7138.
wesley
GET YOUR BLANK ATM CARD Whatsapp:+1(845)381–3566 I\'ve been seeing posts and testimonials about BLANK ATM CARD but I never believed it, not until I tried it myself. It was on the 20th day of May 2018. I was reading a post about places to visit in Russia when I saw this captivating post about how a Man described as Mr Micheal changed his life with the help of a Blank Atm Card. I didn\'t believe it at first until I decided to reach him through the mail address attached to the post. To my greatest imagination, it was real. Right now am living up to a standard I never used to live before. Today might be your lucky day! Reach Mr Micheal via : Email:: blankatmcards.online@yahoo.com (Whatsapp:+1(845)381–3566 ) GET YOUR BLANK ATM CARD Whatsapp:+1(845)381–3566 I\'ve been seeing posts and testimonials about BLANK ATM CARD but I never believed it, not until I tried it myself. It was on the 20th day of May 2018. I was reading a post about places to visit in Russia when I saw this captivating post about how a Man described as Mr Micheal changed his life with the help of a Blank Atm Card. I didn\'t believe it at first until I decided to reach him through the mail address attached to the post. To my greatest imagination, it was real. Right now am living up to a standard I never used to live before. Today might be your lucky day! Reach Mr Micheal via :(Whatsapp:+1(845)381–3566 )