Victoria must increase transmission capacity to meet offshore wind targets

Data analysed by Cornwall Insight Australia has shown that Victoria will need to increase its transmission capacity in the South East by an additional 2 GW by 2035 and 7 GW by 2040 if it wants to capitalise on new capacity and help meet the state’s ambitious offshore wind targets.
Victoria must increase transmission capacity to meet offshore wind targets
Offshore wind farm. Courtesy of Port of Noshiro/Wikimedia Commons.

The Bass Strait off the Victorian Gippsland Coast has been declared an official zone for offshore wind. This official declaration allows offshore wind developers to apply for feasibility licenses. The declared area has a potential capacity of 75 GW using both fixed and floating foundation technology. This will help the Victorian government achieve their offshore wind targets of 2 GW offshore wind capacity by 2032, 4 GW by 2035, and 9 GW by 2040.

To achieve these targets, transmission infrastructure needs to be built to link the offshore wind farms to the rest of the grid and transport the energy generated from the offshore wind resources to the load centres. Although the Victorian government has a plan and schedule for connecting the offshore wind from the coast to the grid, there is still uncertainty about how the generated energy will be delivered to the load centres. The transfer capacity limitation will arise when building up to the targets in 2035 and 2040.

The draft Input, Assumptions and Scenarios Report (IASR) for 2023 has set a transmission limit of 6 GW for South East Victoria, which considers the existing coal and gas plants, the Gippsland Renewable Energy Zone (REZ), Basslink, and the proposed Marinus Link. The data tallies the existing generators’ installed capacity and the maximum transfer limits of the interconnectors to Tasmania. However, when the goal for offshore wind capacity is combined with the existing onshore wind in Gippsland (2 GW) and total interconnector capacity (around 2 GW), the total capacity for 2035 and 2040 will be 8 GW and 13 GW, respectively, exceeding the 6 GW limit.

Although there is another proposed area to install the offshore wind capacity to meet the target, the South West Victoria area is already constrained due to expected onshore wind installations and the energy coming from the Heywood Interconnector. Ideally, the optimal build path will change when considering the offshore wind target, and some of the onshore wind capacity required will be shifted to other REZs, but when considering Gippsland as the only option, an additional 2 GW and 7 GW of transfer capacity will be required in 2035 and 2040.

“The offshore wind opportunities now available in the Bass Strait represent an important step towards delivering Victoria’s ambitious offshore wind targets” said Dominic Pacaba, Energy modelling and Analytics consultant at Cornwall Insight Australia. “However, while the extra generation capacity is to be applauded, the proposed transmission infrastructure will not be able to handle the increased energy demand by 2035. Without a guarantee that the energy generated in Gippsland will be effectively delivered to where it is needed, investment in the areas offshore wind may be impacted and, with it, the growth of the region’s renewable energy sector. It is crucial that Victoria delivers new transmission infrastructure to meet the region’s growing demand for renewable energy and ensure that the state can take full advantage of the vast potential of offshore wind energy and achieve its renewable energy goals.”

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Cornwall Insight

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