Neste, the world's leading producer of renewable diesel and sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) may be the first to have developed a renewable gasoline for such commercial use in the existing fleet. The final phase of testing is now beginning with the target to complete commercial tests of the fuel, and thereby enabling significant reductions of greenhouse gas emissions from gasoline and hybrid cars.
The bio-based content of the fuel is expected to comprise different kinds of biocomponents, and the ongoing tests on Neste's renewable gasoline aim at determining the optimal mix.
The EU recently increased its target for the reduction of the greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030. There are also ambitious national targets in Sweden and Finland, for example, including separate emissions reduction mandates for the gasoline pool. However, the currently existing alternatives for gasoline-powered cars do not enable a significant reduction in fossil gasoline use in a short enough time frame.
Steps are now being taken to solve this challenge: with Neste's renewable gasoline, greenhouse gas emissions can be reduced by up to 65%* over the fuel’s life cycle when compared to fossil fuels. The aim for Neste is to improve this figure, to eventually achieve up to 90% emission reduction with the fuel use. This would mean that greenhouse gas emission over the life cycle of the fuel would be equivalent to those from an electric vehicle.
“With Neste's renewable gasoline, greenhouse gas emissions can be reduced by up to 65% compared to fossil gasoline. Thus, countries could raise their national ambitions to reduce even more greenhouse gas emissions as the industry is able to introduce new, impactful solutions,” says Carl Nyberg, Executive Vice President, Renewable Road Transportation at Neste.
The product fulfills EN228 standard and can be used in both existing and new gasoline and hybrid cars. Renewable gasoline can, therefore, provide yet another tool for the EU to achieve the ambitious goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 55% by 2030 from the levels in 1990.
Tests of the new fuel are ongoing together with Powertrain Engineering Sweden AB, a supplier to Volvo Cars. Powertrain Engineering Sweden, which supplies Volvo Cars and other manufacturers with powertrains and the next-generation hybrid system, is now evaluating Neste's renewable gasoline.
“We are following the development of renewable fuels, such as Neste’s renewable gasoline, with great interest, and we believe it has great potential. The combination of our products and Neste’s renewable gasoline will allow vehicle owners to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 65 percent,” says Michael Fleiss, CEO for Powertrain Engineering Sweden.
The testing takes place both in a laboratory setting with a free-standing engine as well as through Neste's own road tests with two vehicles. The purpose of the tests is to study the properties of the fuel and to make adjustments to the fuel, to further reduce emissions before commercial tests. Neste is planning to evaluate the results during the coming months.
*) Calculation method complies with the EU Renewable Energy Directive 2009/28/EC.